世上最通透的湖,原本属于我们……

贝加尔湖,中国古称为”北海”,因其状如新月,又叫”月亮湖”,曾隶属中国,为中国古代北方游牧民族主要活动区域,也是汉代苏武牧羊之地,令人遗憾的是,它因种种原因于清朝后期被划给了俄罗斯。

贝加尔湖水质清澈,透明度可达40.5米,湖水甚至可以直接饮用,它还拥有多项世界第一,世界上最古老的湖、世界上最深的湖、世界上蓄水量最大的淡水湖,据说其淡水可以让全世界喝上50年!

贝加尔湖冬季寒冷,湖面结冰的厚度可以超过半米,但结冰的湖面依然通透无比,近看犹如一块晶莹剔透的巨大翡翠!

贝加尔湖各种动植物资源丰富,它虽然是一面淡水湖但却生长有海豹、海螺、海鱼等海洋生物,它的旅游资源也异常丰富,这里阳光充沛,雨量稀少,分布着300多处温泉,贝阿大铁路沿湖而过,沿途能欣赏到高耸的峭壁,林立的怪石,风景奇险而壮美……

Circum-Baikal railroad on coast of the Lake Baikal.

Zabaikalski National Park, Lake Baikal. Lake Baikal is the oldest (25 million years), deepest (5700 feet) and largest lake in the world by volume(it holds 20% of the earth’s liquid fresh water). Threatened by pollution and most recently by an oil pipeline, Baikal has become a rallying point for Russian and international conservationists. Baikal was declared a World Heritage Site in 1996. Boyd Norton, the photographer here, worked with Russian and U.S. environmentalists to get Baikal designated a World Heritage Site.

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